The traps GOL-3 and GDT, which are part of the complex of long open traps, are unique objects of scientific infrastructure and have no analogues in the world. The research on the installation GDT is aimed at the creation of fusion reactors and high-performance neutron generators for different applications: testing of materials for future fusion reactors, post-combustion of radioactive waste and control of subcritical fission reactors. The results obtained are applied to materials science, energy, environment etc. The main goal of the research on the installation GOL-3 is the creation of a fusion reactor based on a multiple-plug trap. In addition, the approaches being developed can be used in tests for selection of materials and designing of plasma dumps for future fusion reactors. The installations have the necessary engineering infrastructure; all design specifications have been met. The facilities are equipped with the necessary means for automation and control of experiment, as well as up-to-date measuring equipment (in some systems, the available equipment overmatches the world’s analogues). Some methodological and technological solutions used in the project are unique; they are delivered on a contract basis to the leading industrialized countries.