India, Bodi West Hills region, Tamil Nadu

India-based Neutrino Observatory



The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is a proposed pure-science underground laboratory. Its primary goal is to study the properties and interactions of weakly interacting, naturally occurring particles, called neutrinos. There is a world-wide interest in this field due to its implications for several diverse and allied fields such as particle physics, cosmology and the origin of the Universe, energy production mechanisms in the Sun and other stars, etc.


The project was originally to be completed in 2015.

Although delayed, the project is underway as of 2015.




Tata Institute of Fundamental Research


Neutrino physics

Key words: Detector R&D, electronics and control, magnet design





The primary goal of the laboratory is the study of neutrinos from various natural and laboratory sources using an iron calorimeter (ICAL) detector. It is envisaged that such an underground facility will develop into a centre for other studies as well, in physics, biology, geology, etc., all of which will make use of the special conditions that exist deep underground.

The ICAL detector that will be installed in the INO laboratory will be the world's most massive detector. Such an effort will involve INO-Industry interface in a big way, in issues related to mechanical structure, electronics and detector-related technology. It is being developed completely indigenously.

Apart from pursuing neutrino physics goals, the laboratory itself will greatly aid the development of detector technology and its varied applications (which have so far been in the areas of medical imaging).





At present, INO is a totally Indian effort.



Internship opportunities

Internship opportunities

The Graduate Training Program



A large number of well trained physicists and engineers will be needed to carry out experimental activities in high energy physics using the INO facility. In order to achieve this goal, a training program aimed at deep study of experimental high energy physics was started in August 2008. The application procedure and written test for this program is combined with the TIFR’s Graduate School Admissions. Write to us for further information.




The selected candidates will be enrolled as Ph.D. students of the Homi Bhabha National Institute and will take up 1 year course work at TIFR, Mumbai in both theoretical and experimental high energy physics and necessary foundation courses designed specially to train people to be good experimental physicists. After the course work, successful candidates will be attached to Ph.D. guides at various collaborating institutions.





18-20 September 2014, INDIA

INO collaboration meeting held at, IICHEP, Madurai

3-5 April 2014, INDIA

 INO collaboration meeting held at, VECC, Kolkata

13-15 September 2013, INDIA

 INO collaboration meeting held at, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai


Prof. Naba Mondal

Spokesperson, India-based Neutrino Observatory, Dept. High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research