High Energy Physics
Key words: high energy physics, QGP, Critical Point, quark-gluon plasma, phase transition, multi-porpose detector, spin physics detector, baryonic matter at nuclotron, superconducting magnets, MPD, SPD, BM@N, particle physics
The nature and properties of strong interactions between elementary constituents of the Standard Model of particle physics – quarks and gluons.
The search for signs of the phase transition between hadronic matter and QGP; search for new phases of baryonic matter.
Study of basic properties of the strong interaction vacuum and QCD symmetries; event-by-event fluctuation in hadron productions (multiplicity, Pt etc.); femtoscopic correlation; directed and elliptic flows for various hadrons; multi-strange hyperon production (including hypernuclei); yield and spectra (the probes of nuclear media phases); photon and electron probes; charge asymmetry.
The NICA project includes the following systems:
- injection complex (cryogenic heavy ion source KRION, laser source, duoplasmatron source, source of polarized protons and deuterons, modernized linac LU-20, new heavy ion linear accelerator HILAC, transfer channels);
- new superconducting booster synchrotron;
- existing superconducting synchrotron Nuclotron;
- new collider with two superconducting storage rings;
- Multi-Purpose Detector (MPD);
- Spin Physics Detector (SPD);
- Baryonic Matter at the Nuclotron detector (BM@N).
- Study of spin dependent nucleon structure functions;
- Measurement of the gluon contribution to the nucleon spin;
- Study of spin effects in reactions with production of different hadrons with high transverse momenta.
- Close to 4π geometry;
- Fine-grained precise (50 µm) and fast silicon vertex detector;
- Precise tracking system (space resolution of ~100 µm) and ability to cope with luminosity of 1032cm-2s-1;
- High precision calorimetry for measurement of electromagnetically interacting particles (electrons/positrons, photons);
- Close to 100% efficient system for particle identification;
- Trigger-less DAQ system with ~3 MHz event rate acquisition capability.
- Development of algorithms for track and event reconstruction in central tracker and data analysis;
- Development of a system for charged particle identification based on ToF-400 and ToF-700 detectors combined with track momentum and trajectory information from the central tracker;
- Construction of a vacuum (helium) beam pipe through BM@N set-up;
- Development of fast and compact FEE electronics for the inner Si tracker.
The NICA project is approved by the JINR Governing Body – the Committee of the Plenipotentiaries of the 18 member states. Supplementary agreements have been signed with Germany, China, the USA, CERN and the Republic of South Africa. More than thirty countries have expressed interest and are taking part in its implementation. Contracts for construction works and supplies have been signed with many companies from Russia, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Bulgaria, Belarus, Ukraine and others.